1. What is religion exactly?
The religion is affection for God and our fellowmen.
“One of the scribes came…, and asked Him, “What commandment is the foremost of all?” Jesus answered, “The foremost is, ‘Hear, O Israel! The Lord our God is one Lord; and you shall love the Lord your God with all your heart, and with all your soul, and with all your mind, and with all your strenght.’ “The second is this, ‘You shall love your neighbor as yourself.’ There is no other commandment greater than these.” (Mk. 12:28-31)
And he has given us this command: Anyone who loves God must also love their brother and sister. (1Jn 4,21)
Not everyone who calls out to me, ‘Lord! Lord!’ will enter the Kingdom of Heaven. Only those who actually do the will of my Father in heaven will enter. (Mt 7,21)
2. How do we recognize that God exists?
Even if we look at the world and the order in it, or even if we examine ourself and the talents in us, we manage to get onto the convinction that there is a God, who created everything, who maintains and manages.
3. What is the affection for God?
The affection for God consists in the respect of his laws and the aiming for his fulfilment. The children respects their parents and really loves them when they obey them, and bear themself in such a way that they should deserve their affection. We respect and love God, if we obey him, and we make an effort according to his will to live.
4. What is the purpose of religion?
The purpose of the religion is that let ennoble our feelings and soul, and let encourage us to serv God and the people by the way of the affection for God and our fellowmen.
5. Do the people need the religion?
The aim of the religion indicates that the people need the religion; the humanity’s history, according to the proof of which there was not a folk without a religion, teaches this.
6. How did we secure a clearer religion?
We secured a clearer religion in such a way according to the teaching of the religion history, that God sent enlightened, wise ethicoreligious teachers, who leaded the people to a more accordant, clearer religious conviction. We call God’s envoys to prophets, apostles, or religion founder. God had envoys like them during the history: Zoroaster at the Persians, Confucius at the Chinese, Moses and the prophets at the Jews, Buddha at the Hindus, Mohamed at the Arabs.
7. Who was God’s largest prophet?
Jesus was God’s largest prophet, who was the founder of the Christian religion. He taught us to God’s true knowledge and his affection.
For no one can lay a foundation other than that which is laid, which is Jesus Christ. (1Kor 3,11)
8. From where we recognise the prophets’ and Jesus’ teachings?
We know the prophets’ and Jesus’s teachings by the Bible. We call the Bible to Good Book, too.
9. What is Bible?
The Bible consist of 66 books from the antiquity, and has different authors, and each book consist of different contents.
10. How many parts has the Bible?
The Bible has two capital parts: the Old Testament and New Testament. The Old Testament includes 39, the New Testament includes 27 books though.
11. Who wrote the Old Testament books?
The Jewish folk’s teachers and his prophets wrote the old testament books in Hebrew and Aramean language before Jesus’s birth.
The order of the Old Testament books:
Moses’s five books, Joshua, Judges, Ruth, Samuel’s two books, King’s two books, the two books of the Chronicle’s,
Ezra, Nehemiah, Esther, Job, Psalm, Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, Song of Solomon, Isaiah, Jeremiah, Lamentations, Ezekiel, Daniel, Hosea, Joel, Amos, Obadiah, Jonah, Micah, Nahum, Habakkuk, Zephaniah, Haggai, Zechariah, Malachi’s book.
12. What does Old Testament include?
Old Testament includes the Jewish folk’s ethicoreligious laws and the prophets’ teaching.
13. What is the fundamental teaching of Old Testament?
The fundamental teaching of Old Testament 10 of Moses’s commandments, that shortly can be summarized like this:
1. You shall have no other gods before Me.
2. You shall not make idols.
3. You shall not take the name of the LORD your God in vain.
4. Remember the Sabbath day, to keep it holy.
5. Honor your father and your mother.
6. You shall not murder.
7. You shall not commit adultery.
8. You shall not steal.
9. You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor.
10.You shall not covet.
The full text of the 10 Commandments:
1. “I am the LORD your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of bondage. You shall have no other gods before Me.
2. “You shall not make for yourself a carved image—any likeness of anything that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth; you shall not bow down to them nor serve them. For I, the LORD your God, am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children to the third and fourth generations of those who hate Me, but showing mercy to thousands, to those who love Me and keep My commandments.
3. “You shall not take the name of the LORD your God in vain, for the LORD will not hold him guiltless who takes His name in vain.
4. “Remember the Sabbath day, to keep it holy. Six days you shall labor and do all your work, but the seventh day is the Sabbath of the LORD your God. In it you shall do no work: you, nor your son, nor your daughter, nor your male servant, nor your female servant, nor your cattle, nor your stranger who is within your gates. For in six days the LORD made the heavens and the earth, the sea, and all that is in them, and rested the seventh day. Therefore the LORD blessed the Sabbath day and hallowed it.
5. “Honor your father and your mother, that your days may be long upon the land which the LORD your God is giving you.
6. “You shall not murder.
7. “You shall not commit adultery.
8. “You shall not steal.
9. “You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor.
10.“You shall not covet your neighbor’s house; you shall not covet your neighbor’s wife, nor his male servant, nor his female servant, nor his ox, nor his donkey, nor anything that is your neighbor’s.” (2Mos 20,117)
14. Who wrote the New Testament books?
The evangelists and the apostles wrote the New Testament books in Greek language after Jesus’s death.
The order of the New Testament books:
The Gospel of Matthew, Mark, Luke, John, the Acts of the Apostles, the Epistle of Paul to the Romans, the First Epistle of Paul to the Corinthians, the Second Epistle of Paul to the Corinthians, the Epistle of Paul to the Galatians, the Epistle of Paul to the Ephesians, the Epistle of Paul to the Philippians, the Epistle of Paul to the Colossians, the First Epistle of Paul to the Thessalonians, the Second Epistle of Paul to the Thessalonians, the First Epistle of Paul to the Timothy, the Second Epistle of Paul to the Timothy, the Epistle of Paul to Titus, the Epistle of Paul to Philemon, the Epistle to the Hebrews, the Epistle of James, the First Epistle of Peter, the Second Epistle of Peter, the First Epistle of John, the Second Epistle of John, the Third Epistle of John, the Epistle of Jude, the Book of Revelation
15. What does the New Testament include?
The first part of the New Testament: the Gospel of Matthew, Mark, Luke and John includes the story of Jesus’s life and teachings, the second part describes the the apostles’ teachings and works. The New Testament has another name, the Gospel, which means a joy message.
16. Why is it necessary to know the Bible?
It is necessary to know the Bible, because its teachings the bases of the Christian religion, and the guide to the Christian life. It is necessary to read and study the Bible with sense and affection because of this.
And Jesus answered him, saying, It is written, That man shall not live by bread alone, but by every word of God. (Lk 4,4)
For everything that was written in the past was written to teach us, so that through the endurance taught in the Scriptures and the encouragement they provide we might have hope. (Rom 15,4)
17. How do we call those who’s religion based on Jesus’s teachings?
We call Christians those who’s religion based on Jesus’s teachings. The Christian name is the Hungarian form of the Latin christianus, its meaning: Jesus like, follower of Jesus.
and when he found him, he brought him to Antioch. So for a whole year Barnabas and Saul met with the church and taught great numbers of people. The disciples were called Christians first at Antioch. (Acts 11,26)
18. Is the Christianity uniform?
The Christianity is not uniform. The Christian religion broke down into different denominations during the history. Jesus teaching holds the Christians on the world brotherly together. The Christians’ number more than one billion.
Just as a body, though one, has many parts, but all its many parts form one body, so it is with Christ. 13 For we were all baptized by[a] one Spirit so as to form one body—whether Jews or Gentiles, slave or free—and we were all given the one Spirit to drink. (1Kor 12,1213)
19. Why did the Christianity split to different denominations?
Different notions arosed from Jesus and his teaching between the Christians in the antiquity, then later in the age of the reformation. The denominations were formed from the followers of the different faith notions.
20. What is your creed?
My creed this:
I believe in God, the creator of the life, our guardian Father.
I believe in Jesus, God’s best son, our true master.
I believe the Holy Spirit.
I believe in the Unitarian Church’s profession.
I believe the indulgence and the immortality. Amen.
21. What do we mean of this: I believe in one God?
When we say this: I believe in one God, we express the conviction of ours that there is a God with, and his all practically, all his person is only one. The Bible teaches God’s indivisible unit. Our sense can perceive God as only one person; God, like principal person, who can not be more than one.
This is what the Lord says— Israel’s King and Redeemer, the Lord Almighty: I am the first and I am the last; apart from me there is no God. (Is 44,6)
Hear, O Israel: The Lord our God is one Lord. (5 Mosebok 6:4-7)
And Jesus said unto him, “Why callest thou Me good? There is none good but One, that is, God. (Mk 10,18)
Yet for us there is but one God, the Father, from whom are all things and we exist for Him; and one Lord, Jesus Christ, by whom are all things, and we exist through Him. (1Kor 8,6)
One God and Father of all, who is above all, and through all, and in you all. (Ef 4,6)
22. How can we perceive God?
We perceive God as soul and affection.
God is spirit, and his worshipers must worship in the Spirit and in truth. (Jn 4,24)
Now the Lord is that Spirit; and where the Spirit of the Lord is, there is liberty. (2Kor 3,17)
23. Is it possible to depict God?
As God is a soul, we can not depict Him in pictures or sculptures, so those who love Him according to Jesus’s teaching, they love Him in soul and truth.
Forasmuch then as we are the offspring of God, we ought not to think that the Godhead is like unto gold, or silver, or stone, graven by art and man’s device. (Act 17,29)
24. From what we may recognise God?
We can recognise God from his creating and caring work.
25. What do we mean under God’s creating work?
It means that the entire World, and everybody’s life are God’s creations.
In the beginning God created Heaven and Earth (1Mos 1,1)
Yet you, Lord, are our Father. We are the clay, you are the potter; we are all the work of your hand. (Is 64,7)
God who made the world and all things therein, seeing that He is Lord of Heaven and earth, dwelleth not in temples made with hands. (Act 17,24)
26. What do we mean under God’s guardian work?
It means that he takes care of all of his creatures, he sorts everything by the wisest aims, and God drives us on the road of the perfection towards his country.
27. How God maintains the world’s order, and how takes care of his creatures?
God maintains the world’s order with his laws; takes care of his creatures by way of his laws.
God’s laws are perfect and everlasting laws.
The statutes of the Lord are right, rejoicing the heart; the commandment of the Lord is pure, enlightening the eyes. (Psalms 19,8)
28. What kind of person is God shown by his creating and caring work?
God’s creator’s and guardian’s work show Him or everlasting one, for perfect one, for almighty one, good one, for true one and for merciful one. These characteristics all follow from God’s fatherly affection.
29. What do we mean under God is everlasting?
It means that God has been being from the beginning, and will be forever.
They will perish, but you remain; they will all wear out like a garment. Like clothing you will change them and they will be discarded. But you remain the same, and your years will never end. (Psalms 102,26-28)
Before the mountains were born or you brought forth the whole world, from everlasting to everlasting you are God. (Psalms 90:2)
30. What do we mean under God is perfect?
It means that all of his creations and his action the best and the most correct, and the devices, what he uses for the fulfilment of his laws, are the most suitably elected always.
Be perfect, therefore, as your heavenly Father is perfect. (Mt 5,48)
Canst thou by searching find out God? Canst thou find out the Almighty unto perfection? It is as high as heaven: What canst thou do? Deeper than hell: What canst thou know? The measure thereof is longer than the earth, and broader than the sea. (Job 11,7-9)
31. What do we mean under God is almighty?
It means that God can do anything he wants, but he do not do a thing which contradicting to his laws.
Jesus looked at them and said, “With man this is impossible, but with God all things are possible. (Mt 19,26)
32. What do we mean under God is good?
It means that he does a good thing to all of his creatures, not only with the good and the worthy ones, but with the bad ones, and those who deserve punishment.
Why do you ask me about what is good?” Jesus replied. “There is only One who is good.” (Mt 19,17)
And so we know and rely on the love God has for us. God is love. Whoever lives in love lives in God, and God in them. (John, 4,16)
33. What do we mean under God is truth?
It means that God forms a judgement on our life and all of our actions; rewards the good one, punishes the bad one. Everybody has to take the consequences of his life and his action.
34. What do we mean under God is merciful?
It means that his fatherly affection excuses our sins, and gives time to improving, that let us be converted and let him forgive us.
And He said, “A certain man had two sons. And the younger of them said to his father, ‘Father, give me the portion of goods that falleth to me.’ And he divided unto them his estate. And not many days after, the younger son gathered all together and took his journey into a far country, and there wasted his substance with riotous living. And when he had spent all, there arose a mighty famine in that land, and he began to be in want. And he went and joined himself to a citizen of that country, who sent him into his fields to feed swine. And he would fain have filled his belly with the husks that the swine ate, and no man gave unto him. And when he came to himself, he said, ‘How many hired servants of my father’s have bread enough and to spare, and I perish with hunger! I will arise and go to my father and will say unto him, “Father, I have sinned against Heaven and before thee, and am no more worthy to be called thy son. Make me as one of thy hired servants.”’ And he arose and came to his father. But when he was yet a great way off, his father saw him and had compassion, and ran and fell on his neck and kissed him. And the son said unto him, ‘Father, I have sinned against Heaven and in thy sight, and am no more worthy to be called thy son.’ But the father said to his servants, ‘Bring forth the best robe and put it on him, and put a ring on his hand and shoes on his feet. And bring hither the fatted calf and kill it, and let us eat and be merry; for this my son was dead, and is alive again; he was lost, and is found.’ And they began to be merry. (Lk 15,1124)
35. What do encourage us all those, which we learned about God?
All those things, which we learned about God, encourage us to adore him, the single God in a soul and truth, let us trust him, let us love him, and let us live according to his laws and let us work.
III. God’s child: The human
36. What is God’s most noble creature on Earth?
The most noble creature of God is the human.
37. What does God’s fatherly affection express for us?
God’s fatherly affection expresses for us that emphasizes us from his creatures, blesses with spiritual talents, and we may be his children and his colleagues so.
Behold what manner of love the Father hath bestowed upon us, that we should be called the sons of God! (John 3:1a)
38. Which spiritual talents was given to us by God?
Our spiritual talents are: faith, sense, szabadakarat, conscience and affection.
39. What is faith?
The faith is confidence in God, by the way of which we yielded a childlike contact with God, our guardian father.
For therein is the righteousness of God revealed from faith to faith; as it is written: “The just shall live by faith. (Rom 1,17b)
40. What is the sense?
The sense the spiritual talent with the help of which we collect knowledge, we are thinking and we form judgements from God, from ourselves, our fellow-man and the world. The sense is the lantern of the faith with this activity.
But God hath revealed them unto us by His Spirit. For the Spirit searcheth all things, yea, the deep things of God. (1Kor 2,10)
41. What is free will?
The free will is the spiritual talent with which we may make our mind up freely to follow the good, the true, the bad or the false ones. We have to take responsibility for all of its decisions.
he Spirit you received does not make you slaves, so that you live in fear again; rather, the Spirit you received brought about your adoption to sonship. (Romans 8:15)
For you were called to freedom, brothers. Only do not use your freedom as an opportunity for the flesh, but through love serve one another. (Galatians 5:13)
42. What is the conscience?
The conscience is the spiritual talent that forms a judgement on our actions encourages the good one, from the bad one though to detain is struggling along. The conscience, if we make good one, rewards, if we do bad, accuses.
So I strive always to keep my conscience clear before God and man. (Acts 24:16)
43. What is the affection?
The affection is the spiritual talent which made us to be God’s trusting children, and live in peace with our fellowmen. The affection is our spiritual talents’ crown.
But I say unto you, love your enemies, bless them that curse you, do good to them that hate you, and pray for them that despitefully use you and persecute you, that ye may be the children of your Father who is in Heaven. For He maketh His sun to rise on the evil and on the good, and sendeth rain on the just and on the unjust. For if ye love them that love you, what reward have ye? Do not even the publicans the same? (Mt 5,44-46)
44. How can we thank to God our spiritual talents?
We can thank our spiritual talents to God with affection for God and our fellowmen, constructive work, and we thank with unselfish service to our guardian Father.
45. What is our profession?
Our profession is that we work on God’s country in our life with the spiritual talents what we got from God.
But seek ye first the Kingdom of God and His righteousness, and all these things shall be added unto you. (Matthew 6:33)
46. May we fulfil our mission in the eartly life?
We may fulfil our mission in the eartly life; God showed an example onto this by way of Jesus’s life and God country’s workers’s life.
For I have given you an example, that ye should do as I have done to you. (John 13:15)
47. What do we mean under this: I believe in Jesus?
When we say this: I believe in Jesus, we express the conviction of ours that Jesus is God’s best child and His prophet, his teaching is the safest way, with which we may manage to get to God’s true knowledge.
48. From where we get to know Jesus?
We know Jesus from the New Testament: from the Gospels of Matthew, Mark, Lucas and John, where Jesus’s life and teachings are written. The gospels do not contain datas from Jesus complete biography according to a chronological order, but we may compile the most important moments of his life with their help. The gospels preserve the truths that Jesus taught. Jesus taught with short sayings, similes and parables mostly. It is necessary to understand all of them to have an ethical effect on us: otherwise we do not understand Jesus’s aim and we may not say that we know him.
49. What do we know about Jesus’s birth?
Jesus was born under a Roman emperor, Augustus Octavianus’s reign. His father was Josef from Nazareth, who was a carpenter, and his mother was Mary. His siblings: Jacob, Josef, Judas and Simon; the gospels did not mention his sisters’ name. He resided in Nazareth with his parents and his siblings.
Is not this the carpenter, the son of Mary, the brother of James and Joses, and of Judas and Simon? And are not his sisters here with us? (Mk 6,3)
50. What kind of danger threatened Jesus when he was a baby?
Herod, the Jews’ king wanted to kill Jesus in his infant’s age according to the the gospels.
51. How Jesus escaped from this danger?
Jesus’s parents took him to Egypt, from where they returned to Nazareth after Herod died.
52. What do we know about Jesus’s childhood?
Jesus went to the church in Jerusalem with the occasion of a holiday with his parents when he was 12 years old; meanwhile talking with the priests, he stood out with his clever sense. He was an obedient and a good child at his house, was growing in body and in soul, wisdom, kindness for God and people.
53. How old was Jesus when he started to teaching?
He was 30 years old when he was started teachinh. He was baptized by St. John the Baptist, and he started to teach only after that.
54. What is the aim of Jesus’s teachings?
The aim of Jesus’s teachings that he acquaint God’s laws with us, and hereby release us from the ignorance, sin and fear of death.
55. How Jesus releases us from the ignorance?
Jesus releases us from the ignorance in such a way he acquaints God with us by way of his teachings and his exemplification, and our duties and our profession.
56. How Jesus releases us from the sin?
He shows that what sin is, and how to keep it away from us. In his life he claims an example to us, which we try to delegate, we will be free from sin.
57. How Jesus releases us from the fear of death?
Jesus confirms our faith in God’s fatherly affection and in the forever life.
58. What shall we call the work of Jesus with which he relieves the burdens of our spiritual life of us?
We call it freeing the work of Jesus with which our spiritual life relieves its heavy burdens. We believe in the fact that he is our liberator.
59. Which one are the principal law of the religion according to Jesus?
Jesus summarized the principal law of the religion in the double commandment of the affection:
And one of the scribes came, and having heard them reasoning together, and perceiving that He had answered them well, asked Him, “Which is the first commandment of all?” And Jesus answered him, “The first of all the commandments is: ‘Hear, O Israel, the Lord our God is one Lord. And thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy mind, and with all thy strength;’ this is the first commandment. And the second is like, namely this: ‘Thou shalt love thy neighbor as thyself.’ There is no other commandment greater than these. (Mark 12:28-31)
Jesus expounded the truths of the ethicoreligious life in the Sermon on the Mount and his parables.
The Sermon on the Mount’s teachings are the followings:
Who are the blessed (Matthew 5:3-12)
The followers’ profession (Matthew 5:13-16)
The old and the new law (Matthew 5:17-48)
The hypocrisy is the largest sin (Matthew 6:1-23)
The only one object of the man’s affection (Matthew 6:24-34)
Be mild with others, be severe for ourself in the judgement (Matthew 7:1-14)
The fruit of the true religion is the action (Matthew 7:15-29)
Jesus most beautiful parables and his stories:
The sower (Mark 4:1-20)
The mustard seed, the ferment and the sowered seed (Mark 4:26-33)
The merciful Samaritan (Lukas 10:25-37)
The prodigal son (Lukas 15:11-32)
The talents (Matthew 25:14-30)
The samarian woman (John 4:1-42)
The children (Mark 10:13-16)
The Pharisee and the customs officer (Lukas 18:9-14)
The rich young boy (Mark 10:17-31)
Zakeus (Lukas 19:1-10)
The adulterer woman (John 8:3-11)
Mary and Marta (Lukas 10:38-42)
The rich and Lazar (Lukas 16:19-31)
The crazy rich one (Lukas 12:13-21)
The big dinner (Lukas 14:15-24)
Nikodemus (John 3:1-21)
The evil slave (Matthew 18:21-35)
The lost sheep and drahma (Lukas 15:3-10)
60. How can we summarize Jesus’s teaching?
We summarize Jesus’s teaching like this: One the God, who is a soul, he is our guardian father. We are God’s children and each other’s siblings. Our principal duty: to love God, to love our fellowmen, and to build up God’s country on the land. Let us take the advice of our conscience in the fulfilment of our duties, let us elect the good, true and beautiful always, and let us stand by these truly. If we live like this, our reward is the calm heart, the peace between us, and the joys of the forever life.
61. Shall we call Jesus to God?
We do not call Jesus to God since we know that he was a real man.
62. From what we know that Jesus was a real man?
We know it from the gospel, where he calls himself a man, a human being firstly. But his whole life justifies this: he was born, was growing in a body and a soul, rejoiced, was grieving, was starving, thirsted, suffered and dead. His pupils and his contemporaries consider Jesus a man.
63. What did Jesus differ from other people in after all?
He lived according to the God’s laws, and all of his actions were equal to the will of the guardian’s Father; he was a road, truth and a life for us.
64. What kind of measure did Jesus take in order to spread his teachings?
At first, he took 12 men beside himself, who were his pupils. He was with them all over the country, teached everywhere, did good things with the poor people, healed the people, and prepared his pupils for the dissemination of his teachings hereby. Fishers, customs officers, poor people were his pupils, their selection justifies Jesus knowledge of mankind.
The pupils’ names:
James, John, Bethsaida, Thomas
Bartholomew, Matthew, Simon, Thaddaeus, Judas
Good Book would nominate them for order so.
65. Who were Jesus’s enemies?
Jesus’s enemies were who feared their power and material interests from His country’s spread, he was defamed because of this and pursued.
66. Did this behaviour of his enemies discourage Jesus?
This behaviour of his enemies did not discourage Jesus; he trusted God and the truth of his teaching. The person who leans on these though may never lose heart.
But they that wait for Jehovah shall renew their strength; they shall mount up with wings as eagles; they shall run, and not be weary; they shall walk, and not faint. (Isaiah 40:31)
67. What did Jesus do between his persecution and his sufferings?
Jesus was praying between his persecution and his sufferings, and gained newer strength and courage to continue his work.
And he came out, and went, as his custom was, unto the mount of Olives; and the disciples also followed him. And when he was at the place, he said unto them, Pray that ye enter not into temptation. And he was parted from them about a stone’s cast; and he kneeled down and prayed, saying, Father, if thou be willing, remove this cup from me: nevertheless not my will, but thine, be done. (Luke 22:39-42)
68. How to pray?
We know from the Our Father that how to we pray. Jesus taught this to his pupils as an example.
After this manner therefore pray ye. Our Father who art in heaven, Hallowed be thy name.
Thy kingdom come. Thy will be done, as in heaven, so on earth.
Give us this day our daily bread.
And forgive us our debts, as we also have forgiven our debtors.
And bring us not into temptation, but deliver us from the evil one.
For if ye forgive men their trespasses, your heavenly Father will also forgive you. (Matthew 6:9-14)
69. What kind does our paryer have to be?
The paryer with God is truth spiritual community and talk. Our paryer has to be for plain, short and stemming from the soul because of this, in which we have to ask rather spiritual, than bodily good things. Our paryer will be truth in the God’s confidence’s clear mirror. If we feel the need of the prayer sometimes, we have to seek the silence and the solitude to make our talk with God full and undisturbed. We can be praying in the congregation naturally. We may help each other with our devotion mutually in the achievement of the common aim of the prayer. We have to take care that nobody and nothing should perturb the devotion however.
But thou, when thou prayest, enter into thine inner chamber, and having shut thy door, pray to thy Father who is in secret, and thy Father who seeth in secret shall recompense thee. (Matthew 6:6)
70. For how many years was Jesus a teacher?
Jesus was a teacher until only three years: as a result of his enemies, Judas betrayal, was captured, they had him sentenced to death by way of Pilatus, and he was tightened onto a cross.
71. What was Jesus death like?
Jesus death, like his life was the manifestation of the affection for God’s and for people. Was praying for his enemies on the cross, apologised to God for them, and recommended his soul to his Father.
And Jesus said, Father, forgive them; for they know not what they do. And parting his garments among them, they cast lots. (Luke 23:34)
72. What happened after Jesus death?
His loyal pupils and his followers took his body off the cross after Jesus’s death, and it was buried into Arimathian Josef’s grave. His pupils and his followers cherished their master’s memory with faithfulness, and his teaching was advertised.
73. From what we keep in recollection the remarkable events of Jesus’s life?
We keep in recollection his remarkable events in the holidays.
74. Which are these holidays?
These holidays: Christmas, on Palm Sunday, Good Friday, Easter, Ascension Day and Whitsun. Christmas for Jesus’s birth, Palm Sunday for the last Jerusalem road, Good Friday for his death, Easter for the victory of his ideas, Ascension Day for the pupils becoming conscious, Whitsun the holiday of the triumph of the soul and the church’s forming.
Christmas is always on 25th December. The other holidays depends on Easter. Easter is always on the first Sunday after the full moon followed by the vernal equinox. If the full moon is on Sunday, then the Easter is on Sunday. The Sunday before Easter is Palm Sunday: 3 days before Easter is Good Friday; after 40 day from Easter there is Ascension Day, and after 10 day from this there is Whitsun.
75. Do we have holidays apart from these?
We have holidays apart from these: every Sunday, the holiday of the Autumn thanksgiving, the New Year, and 15th November, the day when David Franck died. The holiday of the Autumn thanksgiving is on the last Sunday of September.
76. All those, which we learned from Jesus obligate us?
They obligate us to try to recognise his teachings in order to love him, and to follow his example.
Then said Jesus unto his disciples, If any man would come after me, let him deny himself, and take up his cross, and follow me. (Matthew 16:24)
V. The Holy Spirit
77. What do we mean when we say Holy Spirit?
We mean God’s strength by the Holy Spirit, and his help for the good, which lights up our sense, cleans the heart, strengthens the will, so: lights up, calms, encourages and makes happy.
Or know ye not that your body is a temple of the Holy Spirit which is in you, which ye have from God? and ye are not your own (1 Corinthians 6:19)
78. May the Holy Spirit be a person?
The Holy Spirit may not be a person, because it is God’s strength.
For God gave us not a spirit of fearfulness; but of power and love and discipline. (2 Timothy 1:7)
79. What the Christian denominations teach us about the Holy Spirit?
They teach that Jesus and the Holy Spirit is two different divine person, and they express this like: God is one, but has three person: Father, Son and Holy Spirit. They call this to Holy Trinity. We, unitarians, do not teach the Holy Trinity, because we believe God to one indivisible person practically.
80. In who was the Holy Spirit at work?
The Holy Spirit was at work in the good and true people, who loved the God and their fellowmen, in the prophets, apostles and all those.
For no prophecy ever came by the will of man: but men spake from God, being moved by the Holy Spirit. (2 Peter 1:21)
81. In who was the Holy Spirit a worker in a largest measure?
The Holy Spirit was a worker in Jezus in a largest measure.
82. Is God’s soul at work in us nowadays?
God’s soul is at work in us nowadays; lights up our sense in order to recognise the true one and good one, and strengthens our will, to remain firmly beside true and good. It acquaints our foibles with us, starts us to conversion and improving.
For the entire law is fulfilled in keeping this one command: “Love your neighbor as yourself.” If you bite and devour each other, watch out or you will be destroyed by each other. So I say, walk by the Spirit, and you will not gratify the desires of the flesh. For the flesh desires what is contrary to the Spirit, and the Spirit what is contrary to the flesh. They are in conflict with each other, so that you are not to do whatever you want. But if you are led by the Spirit, you are not under the law. The acts of the flesh are obvious: sexual immorality, impurity and debauchery; idolatry and witchcraft; hatred, discord, jealousy, fits of rage, selfish ambition, dissensions, factions and envy; drunkenness, orgies, and the like. I warn you, as I did before, that those who live like this will not inherit the kingdom of God. But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, forbearance, kindness, goodness, faithfulness, gentleness and self-control. Against such things there is no law. Those who belong to Christ Jesus have crucified the flesh with its passions and desires. Since we live by the Spirit, let us keep in step with the Spirit. (Galatians 5:14-25)
83. What helps the Holy Spirit’s work in us?
Dealing with Jesus teachings, the church services visiting with an eager soul helps the Holy Spirit’s work in us, the ceremonies practicing, the conservation of the cleanness of our heart and fulfilling our ethicoreligious duties.
Blessed are the pure in heart: for they shall see God. (Matthew 5:8)
84. With what kind of treatment is necessary for the bad ones in the church?
Since we are all God’s children, we may not exclude the bad ones from the church, but to strive is necessary to convert them to a good road with a brotherly love and an exemplary life.
85. How do the different denominations’ members have to behave with each other?
The duty of the ones with a different denomination, that to love each other as siblings, because this Jesus’s and his followers’ earmark.
By this shall all men know that ye are my disciples, if ye have love one to another. (John 13:35)
VI. SIN AND INDULGENCE
86. What do we call sin?
We call a bad action committed consciously a sin, by which we violate God’s law.
87. How many kinds of sin do we know?
We know two kinds of sin: action and omission sin. Action sin, when somebody does something bad. Omission sin though, if somebody postponing the good thing because of indifference or a neglect.
88. Can somebody say that: I am not guilty?
Nobody may reveal it that did not commit a sin, because we violate God’s laws often despite the prohibition of our conscience, and we do bad one instead of the good one.
If we claim to be without sin, we deceive ourselves and the truth is not in us. (1 John 1:8)
89. Why do we err against God’s laws?
We err against God’s laws because we are feeble.
90. What do we mean under we are feeble?
When we say we are feeble, we mean that we are growing children of God’s. Beside our virtues there are weaknesses, too, which are dangers of our humanity, because they obscure our minds, ruin the calmness of our heart, and the peacefulness is perturbed between us. We call these weaknesses to foible.
Let no man say when he is tempted, “I am tempted by God”; for God cannot be tempted with evil, neither tempteth He any man. But every man is tempted when he is drawn away by his own lust and enticed. Then when lust hath conceived, it bringeth forth sin; and sin, when it is finished, bringeth forth death. (James 1:13-15)
91. What the other Christian denominations explain the people’s guilt?
Other Christian denominations explain the people’s guilt by the biblical first couple ate some of the fruit of the prohibited tree despite God’s commandment. The humanity falling into a sin was the consequence of this action, and this action made that the people are indisposed by themself for the good. We call this the original sin.
92. What is the consequence of the sin?
The consequence of the sin: our god boy’s refusal and separation from God and our fellowmen; all this asserts in the atonement.
Be not deceived, God is not mocked; for whatsoever a man soweth, that shall he also reap. For he that soweth to his flesh shall of the flesh reap corruption; but he that soweth to the Spirit shall of the Spirit reap life everlasting. (Galatians 6:7-8)
93. Is there indulgence?
There is indulgence. But the sin, if it occurred already, can not be reveal as it would never have been. But God is loving father, who does not sow away us from Himself for our sins, but gives time and an opportunity onto our conversion and our amelioration. This is indulgence, which is one of Jesus’s teaches at his parables.
94. From who may we expect the apology for our sins?
We may expect the apology for our sins from God.
95. How can may we expect the apology for our sins from God?
We may expect the apology for our sins from God if we are converted sincerely,regret our sins, and we get stronger from day to day in affection and goodness.
VII. ETERNAL LIFE
96. What do we mean when we say: I believe in the Eternal Life?
When we say this, we express our conviction that the life is eternal and the soul is immortal.
97. How do we grasp death?
We grasp death like change ensuing according to God’s law. Our body becomes dust after the death, than was before it, our soul lives on in God, from who it never seceded.
98. What wait for us in the Afterlife?
God examine the life and the actions of everybody, inflicts a reward or a punishment, depend on how did we lived our life.
99. What kind of ceremonies are based on the practice of the New Testament?
Two of our ceremonies are based on the practice of the New Testament: the baptism and the Lord’s Supper.
100. What kind of ceremonies took shape apart from the baptism and the Lord’s Supper?
Confirmation, blessing the marriage and the funeral.
101. What kind of effect do we ascribe to the ceremonies?
The ceremonies strengthening our ethicoreligious life. The ceremonies are warning devices, they start us to the following of the example of Jesus and the practice of the good deeds.
102. What is the baptism?
The ceremony with which we become the Christian Church’s members, is the baptism.
The baptism makes nobody Christian in a tight sense. The baptism merely the festive manifestation from the parents’ and godparents’ that our Christian faith is valued highly, and they long for their children to grow up in it.
103. When is it necessary to convert to Christian faith?
Jesus did not prescribe determined time for it. The Christians converted to Christian faith when they were able to make giving evidence about their faith once. It is the habit now that the Christian parents have their children baptized in their infancy.
104. Is somebody damned if dies unbaptised?
No, the baptism makes nobody beatify.
105. Is it right to fail the baptism?
It is not good, and everybody, who respect Jesus’s teaching and the Church’s ceremonies, do the baptism.
106. When will we find out that what the baptism obliges us?
We find out what the baptism obliges at the occasion of the confirmation.
107. What is the confirmation?
The confirmation the manifestation of strengthening in the Unitarian faith; we will be the church’s independent members by the way of the confirmation, and we take responsibility for all of our actions and our orthodoxy before God.
108. How the confirmation will be complet?
The confirmation will complete when we receive the Lord’s Supper at first in our life.
109. What is the Lord’s Supper?
The Lord’s Supper is a ceremony, we remember Jesus’s death, and we gain encouraging the following of his example.
110. From where do we know the story of the Lord’s supper?
We know it from the Gospels and the First Epistle of Paul to the Corinthians. Accordingly: the last night before Jesus’s death, he summoned his pupils, and they ate the traditional paschal lamb together. When the dinner ended, Jesus took the bread into his hand, broke it, blessed it, and handed over to his pupils, and said this: Buy it and eat it, this is my body, which is breaks for you. After that, he took the wine, blessed it, too, sended to his pupils, and said: Drink from this all of you, this is my blood, and it bleeds for you. And he added this: When you do this, remember me.
For I have received from the Lord that which also I delivered unto you: that the Lord Jesus, the same night in which He was betrayed, took bread; and when He had given thanks, He broke it and said, “Take, eat; this is My body which is broken for you: this do in remembrance of Me.” In the same manner also He took the cup when He had supped, saying, “This cup is the new testament in My blood: this do ye, as oft as ye drink it, in remembrance of Me.” (1 Corinthians 11:23-25)
111. Why do we call this ceremony to Lord’s Supper?
We call this ceremony to Lord’s Supper because Jesus practised it with the occasion of the dinner first.
112. What does the Lord’s Supper consist of?
The Lord’s Supper consists of bread and wine.
113. What do we mean under this expression: this is my body, and this is my soul?
We mean that the Lord’s Supper bread is Jesus’s broken body, and the Lord’s Supper wine is Jesus’s blood.
The Roman Catholics think that the Lord’s Supper bread and wine transform into Jesus body and his blood as a result of the blessing by the priests. Accordingly: this is my body, this is my blood means that Christ’s body and his blood are in the Lord’s Supper as bread and wine. They have the Lord’s Supper served in wafer because of this.
The orthodox faith teaches that the Lord’s Supper bread and wine are Jesus real body and blood, which are delivered under two method.
The Augsburg creed evangelistic say that the Lord’s Supper wafer and wine contains Christ’s body and his blood.
The calvinistical faith teaches that they buy Christ’s body and his blood mentally.
114. Who can take the Lord’s supper?
All confirmed Unitarian one, who has respect for Jesus recollection, has to take the Lord’s Supper.
115. Who can not take the Lord’s supper?
The madmen, the drunks and the infants may not take the Lord’s Supper because they can not distinguish this holy company from the vulgar eating.
116. Where do we take the Lord’s supper?
We take this in the Church, where the congregation’s members eat one bread and drink one wine, and encouraging a fraternal love and an agreement which gained by way of having a share. For the infirmaries, patients and the people who may not go into a church, the clergyman delivers the Lord’s Supper on their place of residence generally.
117. May the sinners avail themselves of Lord’s Supper?
The sinners may avail themselves of Lord’s Supper, and it is not necessary to forbid them from his lord table because remembering Jesus may help their amelioration.
118. With what kind of preparation should we go to the Lord’s table, in order to be his worthy guests?
To be worthy guests of the Lord’s table, is necessary to get inner, spiritual preparation. We have to thank God that He created us onto a spiritual life, not only bodily. We have to commemorate Jesus with the feelings of the respect and affection. We have to show affection and benevolence for our fellowmen, with who we are all of God’s children. With regretting our mistakes and sins, we have to make an effort to keep our cleanness of our heart better, and to live a worthy life to God and ourselves. These form our self-examination all in all, without this we should not go to the Lord’s Table.
Apostle Paul warns us, too: But a man must examine himself, and in so doing he is to eat of the bread and drink of the cup. (1 Corinthians 11:28)
We have to observe that God does not look at the appearence, but we should go to the Lord’s Table if we are getting dressed clean and properly. We have to know the following things in order to keep the order of the ceremony: after the preacher finished his speach near the Lord’s Table, the congregation’s man’s (properly the elder ones) go first to the church’s market, and stop in a row beside each other. The clergyman gives bread to everybody at this time, the bread should be taken by right hand, and have to eat this after that. After that the clergyman takes the Lord’s Supper wine, and gives to the people. The glass should be taken by right hand and everybody drinks from it. When the clergyman already gave bread and wine to those who went out, says a short paryer, and who bought Lord’s Supper go back onto their former place without noise and bustle. If the congregation is big that the men may not all go out simultaneously, after the aged ones the younger ones go out.
After the congregation’s men the women go out to the Lord’s Supper purchase.
Those who received the Lord’s Supper should stay in the church until the end of the ceremony, because if they go out, they may disturb the devotion of the ceremony.
119. Are you ready to take the Lord’s Supper?
We are ready to buy the Lord’s Supper and to give proof of our faith hereby. We thank to God, our guardian Father that he enlightened our mind, allowed to live that time, when we became suitable for recognise the truths of the Unitarian religion and our ethicoreligious duties, by way of these we work on our salvation and earthly happiness. We trust in the everlasting God, our guardian Father immovably. Let there be praise and glory for his name now and eternally. Amen